District Looks at Remedial Full-Day Kindergarten

Kindergarten students who test below their peers may be able to catch up with a full-day option this fall

Concerned with the growing number of kindergarteners entering school behind where they need to be academically, the district is hoping to add a remedial full-day kindergarten option in the fall.

"If we want to continue with the that we’ve been able to really enjoy over the last five years at , we have to get the younger kids stronger in the academics," Superintendent Bruce Watson said at Thursday's meeting.

Fair Lawn currently has only a half-day kindergarten program, which Watson said has hurt the district for a long time.

"The students who are coming into the kindergarten, who are already behind, really do not catch up to that first grade when they enter first grade," he said. "Many of them are not on the same level as other students and we believe for some time now that they’re really starting at a little bit of a deficit. And that’s unfair for kids."

As a step to bridge the learning gap between kindergarten students, Watson said next school year he'd like to test kindergarteners from the get go so students in need of remediation are identified by the middle of October.

"Any child that's below a certain score, we are going to offer the parents to have them go for a full-day in the district," Watson said. "But it’s not a full-day kindergarten program. It’s a half-day kindergarten program with a very focused literacy, numeracy second half."

Watson said he anticipates the remediation program -- which would begin either Oct. 15 or Nov. 1 -- will better prepare children to enter first grade, get them reading at grade level by third grade and, eventually, give them an excellent chance of graduating from high school in good standing.

"It’s got to start there," Watson said of beginning remediation in kindergarten. "You get them in third, fourth grade, it’s really too late. We have to start young."

Up to this point, Watson said the district has been unable to implement such a program for lack of classroom space. However, with elementary enrollment dropping, classrooms are opening up around the district that could house kindergarten students for the second half of the school day -- although it may require busing kids to another school in the district.

Watson said he plans to offer remediation to about 40 kindergarten students each year, broken up into two sections of 20. Students who score below the cut-off won't be required to attend the remedial program, but Watson said he expects many will take advantage of the offer. The district is currently budgeting to hire one additional kindergarten teacher who would evaluate the students and eventually teach them once they're identified as in need of remediation.

"For us to sit by idle and not make a move in this direction I think would be absolutely irresponsible," Watson said. "It’s part of our job, we’ve got to do these things."

Watson said it's unclear why more students today are in need of remediation, but he believes it's at least partially due to higher academic standards and a more challenging curriculum, as well as a shift in Fair Lawn's demographics.

“I don’t believe it’s as easy as saying that it’s one ethnicity that’s coming into town. I just think it’s families coming in from all over – they’re coming from South Jersey, they’re coming from New York, they’re coming from out of the country," he said. "All of these kids are coming to us and there are those that come in and they’re just not prepared. And a half-day kindergarten program is not going to get them ready for first grade. We’re just not able to do it."

At this time, the district doesn't have the ability financially to offer full-day kindergarten for all students, which Watson doesn't see changing any time soon.

"Under a 2 percent cap, I don’t see that happening," Watson said, referring to the state's 2 percent limit on annual tax increases. "We’re going to have to wait for the cap to change or go out on a special referendum... There’s a number of things that are going to have to happen first before we do a full-time kindergarten."

Tommy P March 05, 2012 at 01:47 PM
I hate to give Mr Watson the idea, but here is a question I would love to see him answer. If the State Supreme Court has ruled that the Abbott districts must provide day care er "preschool" starting at age 3 in order to meet the State Constitution's "thorough and efficient educate clause" despite it specifically defining 5 to 18 as the ages to provide education. How does the Fair Lawn Board of Education get away with not providing the same level of education the courts have deemed necessary in Hoboken and the other Abbott districts? Is this why the Board of Education won't come out publicly against Abbott which takes over $32,000,000+ from Fair Lawn tax payers and sends it to Hoboken and the other 30 Abbott districts? Considering the number of players in the various high school sports, wouldn't it be a better use of that money for the broader population? Aren't there more 3, 4 and 5 year olds that would benefit from school, then the various athletes who participate in sports?
Stuart Pace March 05, 2012 at 01:59 PM
I would prefer my tax dollars go the school, not subsidize babysitting for 3 and 4 year olds.
Tommy P March 05, 2012 at 02:05 PM
Stuart, your tax dollars already do, except its not our kids, but those in Hoboken and the other 30 Abbott districts. Yet the Mayor & Council, Board of Ed, and our state reps do NOTHING ABOUT IT! Where is the Council or BoE calling for an end to this practice? Where are Gordon, Wagner and Eustice on this? The state legislature could pass a law to end Abbott, so while our 3 reps have sponsored 100s of laws, none of them to fix this injustice. WHY?
Tommy P March 05, 2012 at 02:12 PM
Adolpho, I look right past that, its a standard play from the liberal/socialist playbook.
Mark C. March 05, 2012 at 06:06 PM
What about the kids in Kindergarten now? What if they are not ready for 1st grade? Will they have any extra help transitioning or are they out of luck simply because of timing?
Zak Koeske March 05, 2012 at 06:19 PM
The program is expected to begin next fall, with next fall's crop of kindergarten students. I don't know of any plan for remediation efforts for kindergarten students of year's past.
Chris Antonelli March 05, 2012 at 08:57 PM
Kindergarten is not mandated by the state from what I understand. And why would you want to pay in perpetuity for something your child will/may benefit from once? And if our test scores are getting better without it, will they climb that much higher with it?
Tommy P March 05, 2012 at 10:56 PM
NJ Constitution: "SECTION IV 1. The Legislature shall provide for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of free public schools for the instruction of all the children in the State between the ages of five and eighteen years." Yet the courts have mandated in the Abbott decisions that the state fund education for 3 and 4 year olds. So if the NJ Supreme Court ruled that Hoboken and other 30 Abbott districts must provide for the maintenance and support of "pre-k" in the Abbott districts, how is Fair Lawn exempt? Then again, how did the court find 3 and 4 in between 5 & 18?
Sally J March 06, 2012 at 03:38 PM
@Stuart Your comment is so incredibly offensive I don’t even know where to begin! Have you ever been in a kindergarten classroom? Do you have any idea what they do? Or do you think that just because you might have had a child that went to Kindergarten you are now an expert on the subject? Kindergarten has a full curriculum just as all grades and subjects do in NJ. Each day is well planned out with a focus, purpose, and set of goals. There is so much research out there that proves the importance of full day kindergarten. Below is just one example of such research. I understand that not everyone wants their tax dollars to go to a full day kindergarten program but to call kindergarten teachers babysitters is rude and incredibly inaccurate. The National Center for Education Statistics did a study in 1999 which proves that students enrolled in full day kindergarten programs do better in math and reading in higher grades than their counterparts who only had 1/2 day kindergarten (http://nces.ed.gov/ssbr/pages/kindergarten.asp?IndID=6).
Stuart Pace March 06, 2012 at 03:55 PM
Kindergarten begins when you are 5, yes? I said I wouldn't want to subsidize 3 and 4 year olds. I said nothing about full day kindergarten for 5 yr olds.
Marty Cone March 06, 2012 at 05:16 PM
SalltJ you are so right. A full day for sure, nap time, play time... and a study done by who?...educators.
Tommy P March 07, 2012 at 01:19 AM
Stuart you already do that for kids in Hoboken and the other 30 Abbott Districts.
Ezra P. March 11, 2012 at 02:28 PM
My daughter went through the half day kindergarten last year. While it did have the academics, I felt that the social experience was not as good as when I was a kid. So, yes, you might need to add nap/rest time, lunch time, etc., I think there is value to be added here. I have been told that this comes up for a vote every few years. Those with kids at the appropriate level want a full day K program (so the parents can say work full time), while those past that level do not want to pay for it. The other issue with the 1/2 day program - it depends on which half day your child is in. If they have the afternoon - there are not as many before-school programs/activities available as there are for kids who get out from school at 12 - making working a challenge...
Randi Kestin May 09, 2012 at 05:39 PM
Ezra it is also for the academic experience and not just for "babysitting". But in answer to the larger question in this thread - I believe the Abbot funding is only for the mandated K-12 so the preschool (it's only special needs here anyway) would be exempt.
Tory February 18, 2013 at 11:42 PM
I have to agree with Erza on a few things. I am very worried about finding some age appropriate activities for my son next year should he have afternoon kindergarten because there isn't a lot offered in the morning. There is a program the town offers, but I am not 100% sure yet if I will want to sign up for it or not. It is sad in this town that so very many people really do think only for themselves and their particular needs. Towns work best when everyone things of what is best for a town as whole and having all day kindergarten does help kids there is really no negative in having it.
Randi Kestin February 19, 2013 at 09:15 PM
I agree. We had the PM Kindergarten problem and in the AM the only extended care program around anywhere was AM KECO - which was full. We were very lucky Mayor Tedeschi intervened to get our daughter into that. There are many more PM options available for AM Kindergarten students. But ultimately 1/2 day Kindergarten is so outdated it is strange for the large majority of kids in that day to suddenly drop to 1/2 day of school. For them it seems random and arbitrary. The district really needs full-day instituted but the district refuses to vote in favor of that. I've been wondering why this even needs to be voted on district wide but there must be some district law that says so.
Deleted because of harassment February 19, 2013 at 10:30 PM
There is a huge, lasting benefit for kids enrolled in a full-day program. The children now in Kindergarten are learning concepts that used to be in first and second grade, including begininng reading and writing. Most foreign countries start their educational programs at age 4 which is a large part of the widening lag in the effectiveness of US public education. I paid to keep my younger daughter in the KECO program even when it was a financial drain on us, and the head start she got back then is still reflected in her attitudes towards school and learning. Full-day kindergarten is no more "babysitting" for a five year old than it is for some of the kids in high school that are determined to do as little as possible with parents that do not ever bother to look at their own kid's progress. All-day kindergarten should be the norm if we want to turn out kids with strong skills and a love of learning that will grow up to be productive and informed adults.
Randi Kestin February 19, 2013 at 10:34 PM
I agree. We felt the same way but the problem with relying on KECO - especially for the PM Kindergarten parents is the limited availability of it. Curriculum has definitely been pushed back into the earlier grades. My 2nd grader is already learning multiplication and division! We could argue our kids are missing out on what used to be first grade curriculum by only having half-day kindergarten - except for the fact that Kindergarten still isn't a mandated grade by the state.


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